“Education is not preparation for life, it is life itself.” -John Dewey
Education is a dynamic process of growth. Education is determined by what life means to an individual and the society, what one aims at and what kind of lifestyle is considered good for oneself. From the individual's standpoint, student has to be helped to develop physically. morally, intellectually, socially and spiritually. From the point of view of the society, the child has to be helped to develop vocationally and civically.
The school is the major institution set up by the society for the individual's development and transmission of knowledge, values and cultural heritage. The schooling period coincides with the stage of rapid growth and the stage of exploration. While in school, students have to gradually adjust to the demands of reaching the expected minimum learning level, observance of rules, adjustment with teachers and classmates and survive competition and peer pressure. Students have to adjust to their own anxieties, fantasies, fears, frustrations, aggression, jealousy and aspirations too. Failure to resolve problems and to make adjustments tends to lead the students to emotional and social maladjustments.
Guidance is one of the most important service functions of any educational institution. A formal guidance is a scientific process of helping the individuals find solutions to the problems and accept them as their own. Guidance services in place, create an ecosystem, where students find psychological support by default. It not only helps students in solving their present problem but also helps them in preventing future problems, which they may encounter.
Counselling –‘the heart of the guidance program’, aims at helping the individuals to - understand and accept themselves 'as they are' to enable them to work towards realizing their potentialities and a change of behaviour, belief or level of emotional disturbance in them. Counselling is based on confidentiality, mutual respect and open communication, with the intension of helping individuals to achieve positive mental health, resolve problem, make independent decisions, improve personal effectiveness, make changes in their attitudes, perceptions or personalities, modify behaviour, form and maintain meaningful and satisfying relationships with other people, create self-awareness and self-acceptance.